More and more travellers are looking to explore a region based around their passion of wine. Globally, wine tourism (also know as enotourism, oenotourism, or vinitourism), has had the wind in its sails for many years now, and interest in this new type of travel experience continues to rapidly grow.
We've asked VINOTRIP, a specialist in wine tourism in France, what exactly defines wine tourism, and of their take on it in France today. To Vinotrip wine tourism is an exciting, authentic and convivial experience that highlights one France's greatest historical passions - wine! In the most basic sense, it is the discovery of the heritage of wine production. In France, historically, it was the creation of the concept of the “Route des Vins” or the "Wine Route", which gave rise to this concept. For decades the French have been jumping in their car to trace the Route du Champagne, the Route des Grands Crus in Bourgogne, or to explore the left or right bank of Bordeaux (Les Routes du Vins de Bordeaux).
For Thierry Bezeux, the owner of a truffle field in Bourgogne, and one of VINOTRIP's partners, wine tourism is much more than simply discovering the heritage of wine – it’s “actually a wonderful theme through which you can discover the various regions of France. What could be more pleasant than to discover a region thanks to the fruits of its earth, such as our country's wines and our local gastronomy, and to do so in the company of locals who are passionate and knowledgeable about their terroir”.
Laurette Secondé, the owner of the Edmond Barnaut Estate in the Champagne region, describes it as: “The meeting of two great elements: the art of the winemaker’s craft, and the art of a glass of wine shared between the winemaker and the visitor, in the setting of a vineyard. It's educational for anyone who wants to learn and share in the passion of the winemaker.”
For Olivier Leflaive, a famous winemarker from Bourgogne, and another of VINOTRIP's partners, the term has a similar meaning: “It's, more than anything, education interlinked with entertainment in a vineyard.”
Whatever its best definition, winemakers agree that wine tourism has become an important showcase and represents a significant additional string in their bow. It allows them to communicate their passion, to directly learn from, and educate their audience, and to do it in their own environment.
Specializing in custom-made trip creation, VINOTRIP takes visitors on a discovery of the French wine regions. To discover what wine tourism in France is all about yourself visit VINOTRIP's website.
If you look around the world of wine today, you'll notice that most wine is made with the same grape varieties. Pretty much every 'New World' country produces wines made from grapes native to France; Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Syrah, Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot... the list goes on. This is no bad thing as stylistically, all the above varieties can be drastically different depending upon climate, soil, viticulture and vinification. The vast majority of glossy, bold Shiraz from Australia is, literally and figuratively, a world away from the savoury, peppery wines of the Northern Rhone, for example. However, in the last 10 years the fashion has been to move away from seeking out the 'best' examples of these well known varieties and instead to look for unique expressions, typically from grapes native to specific countries and regions. This has seen the emergence of some new stars in the world of wine, from the austere, mineral wines of Mount Etna in Sicily to the powerful, racy Assyrtiko of Santorini in Greece. Austria has re-modelled its vinous reputation with the versatile Grüner Veltliner and even as afar as South America, Bonarda and Pais are resurging on both sides of the Andes, in Argentina and Chile respectively.
However, no country has been rediscovered in quite the same way as Spain. There are somewhere in the region of 600 grape varieties on the Iberian Peninsula, the vast majority of them indigenous and regionally specific in production. Despite this, Spain was for decades synonymous with oaky, extracted wines from Rioja, and to a lesser extent Ribera del Duero, with Tempranillo the only celebrated indigenous grape hailing from the country. Short-sighted producers ripped up their old, unfashionable vineyards and replanted with Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot and anything that was currently selling, not realising that in doing so they were giving up their major point of difference on the international market-place. However, this wasn't true for all producers and quietly, many went about their business as they had done for centuries; cultivating their families vineyards and producing wines of distinction and style, as their vines slowly became older, sturdier and produced better quality fruit. To look at the market now compared to 20 years ago is staggering. Shops in Barcelona are awash with local Catalan wines, Galician field-blends are appearing in top restaurants across the world and even Sherry is making a come-back! To cover the entirety of this resurgence would take a strong liver and a lot of time, but I'd like to share a few exciting varieties from my own little corner of Spain, the fiercely independent Catalunya:
Wine is a fussy product. Starting from its very beginnings as embryonic genetic material located on the buds of vines, to its moment of glory in your glass, there are countless chemical reactions, pitfalls and opportunities to be navigated and controlled in order to create a good bottle of wine. The vast majority of these is, fortunately, taken care of by the time we actually buy a bottle of wine, as the vigneron has spent the entire year wrestling against nature, ensuring the right balance of sugars, acids and flavour compounds, before handing over the baton to the wine-maker. This is where the grapes will be converted into wine through the magical process of fermentation, possibly aged and then bottled with care being taken to ensure biological stability. Then depending on where the wine is to be sold, it will go through a long or short supply route, potentially crossing oceans, continents and all sorts of checks before it finally appears on a shop shelf or restaurant list somewhere in the world.
Enter us; the consumer. We purchase the wine with the intention of one day drinking it, whether that be within minutes of the purchase, or 20 years down the line, after extended storage to allow for it to evolve within the bottle. Assuming the bottle has been purchased close to home and you intend to drink it in the near future, this is all well and good as any issues of storage are very much the responsibility of the retailer/restaurant and bottles can be returned for a refund. However, if you're buying the wine far from home, possibly, abroad, we run into some potential issues quite quickly.
Having just come back from a two week trip to the Mount Etna region of eastern Sicily we thought we'd share some of the best wine stores we came across travelling in the region. I must say I love the "enoteca" concept in Italy, where you can come for an aperitivo, taste local wines by the glass with some food, and then purchase bottles that you've tasted and liked. We loved visiting and tasting wines directly at the wineries of course, but the experience of tasting different producers side by side, and the ability to try older vintages can only be done at an enoteca.